Gaur Kshatriya Kaku and Pata lived in Vallabhi (Saurashtra). They came to Marwar. In their 5th generation were two brothers named Ranka and Banka. They were farmers of area near Pali. In V. 1158 Acharya Shri Jinvallabh Suri arrived in their village. Both the brothers went to listen to the discourse of the Acharya. They were so impressed that they readily converted themselves into Oswals and left farming and started business. They earned a lot of money and fame. The family of Ranka was named ‘Ranka’ and family of Banka was named ‘BANKA’.
Once king of Sidhpur Pattan desired monetary help. In their kingdom there was no one who could fulfill the desire of the king, except Ranka and Banka brothers. On the demand, Ranka and Banka gave 56 lacs of gold coins to the king. King honoured them with the gold coronet and right to wear gold on feet, and a title of ‘Seth’ to Ranka, and Title of ‘Sethia’ to Banka. From that day Ranka named seth and Banka named Sethia.
“According to Mahajan Vansh Muktavali” Yati Ramlalji wrote that, Acharya Shri Jinvallabh Suri was passing the way, at that time both the brothers Ranka and Banka met him Acharya told them that they will face a trouble with in a month period, so they must left the profession of farming and start some business. Acharya went away.
After a month they were coming home from their farm. In the way a huge snake was lying. By negligence, Rankas feet fell on the tail of the snake. They frightened and run away. Snake also followed them. They jumped in a tank. They crossed the tank swimming and entered in the teple of Goddess Chamunda. In the morning they saw that the snake was waiting out side the temple. They prayed the Goddess to help them. Goddess blessed them and said, “If you would became Shravak of the Acharya on that day, you would have not faced this trouble. Now if you promice to leave the farming and directly go to the Acharya and became his Shravak then I bless you to get Swarn-Sidhi very soon”. They promised and became Shravak and started business.
After some days, a yougi came to their house. They served him happily. He hanged a Tumbi (bitter guard) on the wall and said, “O son I am going to worship Goddess Hinglas. On return I will collect it.” Below the tumbi was a stove having iron gridle for baking chapatti. In the night a drop of juice of tumb fell on that Tava (gridle). That tava became of gold. Then they made a lot of gold from the juice of tumbi. Hence they were able to give a loan to the king Sidhraj of 56 lacks of golden coins.
KALA, GORA, BOK and DAK were sub-gotras of Ranka.
According to Jain Sampradaya Shiksha Ranka’s brother was Patak. Patak had two sons named Kala and Bok. Their family named ‘KALA’ and ‘BOK’. In the pedigree of Banka were ‘GORA’ and’DAK’
A directory of Sethia of Sujangarh was published in V. 1986. According to this directory Shri Daidanji Parmar was doing business at Delhi. In V. 1420 Acharya Shri Jindutt Suri enlightened him and converted him an Oswal. He had two sons named Bankidas and Ranka. In V.1455 Emperor Akbar desired to find out who was the richest person in Delhi? He called all the rich persons and declared that, “Badshah is first and then ‘Shah’. At this Mahajans replied “ It is incorrect sir! As the emperor has honour only in his country, but Mahajans are seen with honour in the whole world. They also ful-fill the desire of their Emperor. Without shah Emperor has no grace, therefore First ‘Shah’ and then Badshah”. The Emperor said, “If you are first, then you feed my army for only 6 months, then I will admit that you are right”. At this Bankidasji Ranka said, “If all the Mahajans agree then I alone can feed your army for 12 months. Then emperor Akbar said, “I agree to what you say”. And he honoured Bankidasji with the title of ‘Seth’ and presented him a horse and Siropav. From that day they were called ‘Seth’ and ‘Shah’. Their family was named ‘Sethia’.
Bankidas ji had 3 sons named Hemraj, Veerbhan and Sangatsingh. Hemraj and Sangtsingh settled at Jangloo village. Family of Veerbhan settled at Bikaner.
Ranka Seth Chhaganmalji – Madras
He was born in V. 1948 according to the wishes of his mother he created a Bara of goats at Bagri his native place. Where there were 300 goats. He built a cremation ground for the use of general public. He also built a grand Dharmshala on bus-stand Bagri. He created a school for un-touchable at Bagri. In addition of these he donated monetary help to Jain School Bagri, shanty Pathshala Pali, Jain Gurukul Beawar and to Jain Gyan Pathshala of Udaipur time to time.
Ranka shri Punamchandji – Nagpur
He was adopted son of Ranka Seth Sambhooramji in V.1920. He created ‘Marwari Seva Sangh in 1920’ at Nagpur. He was the founder President of it. He took part in the freedom struggle. He was sent to Jail. In the Prison he did hunger Strike for 72 days. He was released by the Gandhi Arvind Pact on 09-03-1931. He again did Strike on 09-01-32, so he was arrested and imposed a fine of 10 thousand and imprisonment of 3 years and 7 and half months. But in appeal it was reduce to Rs. 1500/- fine and one year imprisonment. He again did hunger strike in the jail for 62 days. He was released by the Government on 04-05-33. He was President of Congress Committee of Nagpur.
Ranka Shri Rishbhdas
He was born in V. 1960 in village Fatehpur of Khandesh (Maharashtra). In the beginning he did his parental cloth business, then he did farming and Dairy and then Insuranc business. At last he settled in Bombay and angaged himself in Social service. He became a soldiers of National freedom Movement, when he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave and Seth Jamnalal Bajaj. He was sent to Jail many times in salt agitation. He was also leader of quit India movement. He joined Barat Jain Mahamandal in V. 2003, and took charge of publishing of Jain Jagat. He was elected Vice President of All India Anuvrat Samiti and also took charge of publishing the Journal ‘Auvrat’ Paper. He was secretary of Mahaveer Kalyan Kendra. He was also General Secretary of Bhagwan Mahaveer 2500th nirvana Mahotsav.
Seth Shri Punamchand Baldeoprasad – Multan (Pakistan)
These both the brothers build a grand Jain temple at Multan in V. 1975. They had their business at Multan and Karachi.
Sethia Bherudanji – Bikaner
He was born in V.1933. His brothers saperated him at the age of 8 years of age. At that time he had only such amount which was to be paid to the creditors. So he went to Bombay and joined a service. After 7 years he left Bombay and went to Calcutta. There he started a business of colour and of Fancy goods in partnership. By luck he earned good. After some time he opened his factory of colour named Sethia Chemicals of his own. It was the first colour menufecturing industry in India. Very soon, its brances opened at Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Amritsar, Karanchi and at Ahmedabad and then at Japan.
Her were following institution run by him. Sethia Jain school, Sethia Jain Shravika Pathshala, Sethia Jain Sanskritik and Prakrit Pathshala, Sethia Jain Boarding House, Sethia Jain Shravika Ashram, Sethia Jain Printing Press. He donated the rent of much of his property to run these institution for a long time. He also allotted his two big houses to run these institutions. He was President of All India Jain Swetamber Sthanavasi Conference, Sthanakvasi Jain Trading College.
Sethia Shri Dulichandji – Sardarshahar
He was born in V. 1937. He opened a dental Hospital, and a Jain library in the memory of his father. He had been counsil Member of Kuch-Bihar for 9 years. He was appointed honourary Magistrate by the High Court of Bikaner.